(MOTHER’S BLOOD LINE)

** Requirement and requested documents may change, please always refer to the page of the Italian General Consulate in New York

1. MOTHER

If your mother was an Italian citizen when you were born and you never renounced your right to Italian citizenship you must acquire the following documents:

  1. YOUR MOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE FROM ITALY
  2. YOUR FATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  3. YOUR PARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  4. YOUR PARENTS’ DIVORCE DECREE/CERTIFICATE
  5. YOUR MOTHER’S CERTIFICATE OF NATURALIZATION, or his Italian passport and permanent resident card (“green card”).
  6. YOUR BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  7. YOUR MOTHER’S DEATH CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
  8. YOUR FATHER’S DEATH CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
  9. YOUR MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: That if your marriage certificate is missing important information such as dates and places of birth, you must also acquire a certified copy of the marriage application/license.
  10. YOUR DIVORCE DECREE/CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: The divorce decree must also include the “certificate of no appeal”.
  11. YOUR SPOUSE’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
  12. BIRTH CERTIFICATES FOR ALL YOUR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN – (if applicable) with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate)
  13. YOUR APPLICATION AND YOUR DECLARATIONS THAT YOU AND YOUR ASCENDANT NEVER RENOUNCED ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP BEFORE ANY ITALIAN AUTHORITY, LISTING ALL THE PLACES OF RESIDENCE:
    *Please Note: These forms do not need to be notarized.
    • Form 1 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 2 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 3 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for any living ascendants)
    • Form 4 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for ALL deceased ascendants)
    • AIRE Form – Census for All Italian Citizens Residing Abroad
  14. COPY OF YOUR VALID PASSPORT AND VALID DRIVER’S LICENSE (make sure these are original/full size copies)
  15. YOUR MOTHER’S CERTIFICATE OF ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP FROM ITALY, also known as a “certificato di cittadinanza italiana”
    *Please Note: Not all Italian embassies and consulates require this certificate. If you do not currently have this document it’s best to check with the Italian Consulate of the State where you reside.
  16. IF YOUR MOTHER BECAME A NATURALIZED U.S. CITIZEN BEFORE YOUR BIRTH, YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP
    However, there is an exception… If you were born in the United States, you may still be eligible for Italian citizenship

NOTE General Rule: The Two-Step Process

2. MATERNAL GRANDFATHER

If you and your mother were both born in the same country, and your maternal grandfather was an Italian citizen at the time of your mothers’s birth, you were born after January 1, 1948 and neither you nor your mother ever renounced your right to Italian citizenship, you must acquire the following documents:

  1. YOUR PATERNAL GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE FROM ITALY
  2. YOUR PATERNAL GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  3. YOUR PATERNAL GRANDPARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  4. YOUR PATERNAL GRANDFATHER’S CERTIFICATE OF NATURALIZATION, or his Italian passport and permanent resident card (“green card”).
  5. YOUR FATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  6. YOUR MOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  7. YOUR PARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  8. YOUR BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  9. YOUR MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: That if your marriage certificate is missing important information such as dates and places of birth, you must also acquire a certified copy of the marriage application/license.
  10. YOUR SPOUSE’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
  11. YOUR DIVORCE DECREE/CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: The divorce decree must also include the “certificate of no appeal”.
  12. BIRTH CERTIFICATES FOR ALL YOUR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN – (if applicable) with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate).
  13. DEATH CERTIFICATES FOR ANYONE LISTED ABOVE with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate
  14. YOUR APPLICATION AND YOUR DECLARATIONS THAT YOU AND YOUR ASCENDANT NEVER RENOUNCED ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP BEFORE ANY ITALIAN AUTHORITY, LISTING ALL THE PLACES OF RESIDENCE:
    *Please Note: These forms do not need to be notarized.
    • Form 1 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 2 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 3 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for any living ascendants)
    • Form 4 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for ALL deceased ascendants)
    • AIRE Form – Census for All Italian Citizens Residing Abroad
  15. COPY OF YOUR VALID PASSPORT AND VALID DRIVER’S LICENSE (make sure these are original/full size copies)
  16. YOUR PATERNAL GRANDFATHER’S CERTIFICATE OF ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP FROM ITALY, also known as a “certificato di cittadinanza italiana”
    *Please Note: Not all Italian embassies and consulates require this certificate. If you do not currently have this document it’s best to check with the Italian Consulate of the State where you reside.
  17. IF YOUR PATERNAL GRANDFATHER BECAME A NATURALIZED U.S. CITIZEN BEFORE YOUR FATHER’S BIRTH, YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP
    However, there is an exception… If you were born in the United States, you may still be eligible for Italian citizenship

NOTE General Rule: The Two-Step Process

3. MATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER

If you and your maternal grandfather were both born in the same country, and your maternal great grandfather was an Italian citizen, you were born after January 1, 1948 and neither you nor your mother nor your grandfather ever renounced your right to Italian citizenship, you must acquire the following documents:

  1. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE FROM ITALY
  2. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH
  3. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDPARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  4. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER’S CERTIFICATE OF NATURALIZATION, or his Italian passport and permanent resident card (“green card”).
  5. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  6. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  7. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDPARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  8. YOUR MOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  9. YOUR FATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  10. YOUR PARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  11. YOUR BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  12. YOUR MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: That if your marriage certificate is missing important information such as dates and places of birth, you must also acquire a certified copy of the marriage application/license.
  13. YOUR SPOUSE’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
  14. BIRTH CERTIFICATES FOR ALL YOUR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN – (if applicable) with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate).
  15. DEATH CERTIFICATES FOR ANYONE LISTED ABOVE with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate)
  16. YOUR APPLICATION AND YOUR DECLARATIONS THAT YOU AND YOUR ASCENDANT NEVER RENOUNCED ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP BEFORE ANY ITALIAN AUTHORITY, LISTING ALL THE PLACES OF RESIDENCE:
    *Please Note: These forms do not need to be notarized.
    • Form 1 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 2 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 3 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for any living ascendants)
    • Form 4 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for ALL deceased ascendants)
    • AIRE Form – Census for All Italian Citizens Residing Abroad
  17. COPY OF YOUR VALID PASSPORT AND VALID DRIVER’S LICENSE (make sure these are original/full size copies)
  18. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER’S CERTIFICATE OF ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP FROM ITALY, also known as a “certificato di cittadinanza italiana”
    *Please Note: Not all Italian embassies and consulates require this certificate. If you do not currently have this document it’s best to check with the Italian Consulate of the State where you reside.
  19. IF YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER BECAME A NATURALIZED U.S. CITIZEN BEFORE YOUR MATERNAL GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH, YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP
    However, there is an exception… If you were born in the United States, you may still be eligible for Italian citizenship

NOTE General Rule: The Two-Step Process

4. MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER

If you and your mother were both born in the same country after January 1st, 1948, and your maternal grandmother was an Italian citizen at the time of your mother’s birth and neither you nor your mother ever renounced your right to Italian citizenship, you must acquire the following documents:

  1. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE FROM ITALY
  2. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  3. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDPARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  4. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER’S CERTIFICATE OF NATURALIZATION, or his Italian passport and permanent resident card (“green card”).
  5. YOUR MOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  6. YOUR FATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  7. YOUR PARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  8. YOUR BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  9. YOUR MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: That if your marriage certificate is missing important information such as dates and places of birth, you must also acquire a certified copy of the marriage application/license.
  10. YOUR SPOUSE’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
  11. YOUR DIVORCE DECREE/CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: The divorce decree must also include the “certificate of no appeal”.
  12. BIRTH CERTIFICATES FOR ALL YOUR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN – (if applicable) with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate).
  13. DEATH CERTIFICATES FOR ANYONE LISTED ABOVE with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate)
  14. YOUR APPLICATION AND YOUR DECLARATIONS THAT YOU AND YOUR ASCENDANT NEVER RENOUNCED ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP BEFORE ANY ITALIAN AUTHORITY, LISTING ALL THE PLACES OF RESIDENCE:
    *Please Note: These forms do not need to be notarized.
    • Form 1 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 2 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 3 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for any living ascendants)
    • Form 4 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for ALL deceased ascendants)
    • AIRE Form – Census for All Italian Citizens Residing Abroad
  15. COPY OF YOUR VALID PASSPORT AND VALID DRIVER’S LICENSE (make sure these are original/full size copies)
  16. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER’S CERTIFICATE OF ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP FROM ITALY, also known as a “certificato di cittadinanza italiana”
    *Please Note: Not all Italian embassies and consulates require this certificate. If you do not currently have this document it’s best to check with the Italian Consulate of the State where you reside.
  17. IF YOUR MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER BECAME A NATURALIZED U.S. CITIZEN BEFORE YOUR MOTHER’S BIRTH, YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP
    However, there is an exception… If you were born in the United States, you may still be eligible for Italian citizenship

NOTE General Rule: The Two-Step Process

5. MATERNAL GREAT GRANDMOTHER

If you and your maternal grandmother were both born in the same country, and your maternal great grandfather was an Italian citizen at the time of her birth, your mother was born after January 1st, 1948 and neither you nor your mother nor your grandmother ever renounced your right to Italian citizenship, you must acquire the following documents:

  1. YOUR PATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE FROM ITALY
  2. YOUR PATERNAL GREAT GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  3. YOUR PATERNAL GREAT GRANDPARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  4. YOUR PATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER’S CERTIFICATE OF NATURALIZATION, or his Italian passport and permanent resident card (“green card”).
  5. YOUR PATERNAL GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE>
  6. YOUR PATERNAL GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  7. YOUR PATERNAL GRANDPARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  8. YOUR FATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  9. YOUR MOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  10. YOUR PARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  11. YOUR BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  12. YOUR MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: That if your marriage certificate is missing important information such as dates and places of birth, you must also acquire a certified copy of the marriage application/license.
  13. YOUR SPOUSE’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
  14. YOUR DIVORCE DECREE/CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: The divorce decree must also include the “certificate of no appeal”.
  15. BIRTH CERTIFICATES FOR ALL YOUR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN – (if applicable) with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate)
  16. DEATH CERTIFICATES FOR ANYONE LISTED ABOVE with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate)
  17. YOUR APPLICATION AND YOUR DECLARATIONS THAT YOU AND YOUR ASCENDANT NEVER RENOUNCED ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP BEFORE ANY ITALIAN AUTHORITY, LISTING ALL THE PLACES OF RESIDENCE:
    *Please Note: These forms do not need to be notarized.
    • Form 1 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 2 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 3 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for any living ascendants)
    • Form 4 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for ALL deceased ascendants)
    • AIRE Form – Census for All Italian Citizens Residing Abroad
  18. COPY OF YOUR VALID PASSPORT AND VALID DRIVER’S LICENSE (make sure these are original/full size copies)
  19. YOUR PATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER’S CERTIFICATE OF ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP FROM ITALY, also known as a “certificato di cittadinanza italiana”
    *Please Note: Not all Italian embassies and consulates require this certificate. If you do not currently have this document it’s best to check with the Italian Consulate of the State where you reside.
  20. IF YOUR PATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER BECAME A NATURALIZED U.S. CITIZEN BEFORE YOUR PATERNAL GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH, YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP
    However, there is an exception… If you were born in the United States, you may still be eligible for Italian citizenship

NOTE General Rule: The Two-Step Process

6. MATERNAL GREAT GRANDMOTHER AND GREAT GRANDFATHER

If you and your maternal great grandfather were both born in the same country, and your maternal great great grandfather was an Italian citizen at the time of her birth, you were born after January 1st, 1948 and neither you nor your mother nor your maternal grandmother nor your maternal great great grandfather ever renounced your right to Italian citizenship, you must acquire the following documents:

  1. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE FROM ITALY
  2. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GREAT GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  3. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GREAT GRANDPARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  4. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER’S CERTIFICATE OF NATURALIZATION, or his Italian passport and permanent resident card (“green card”).
  5. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  6. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  7. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDPARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  8. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  9. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  10. YOUR MATERNAL GRANDPARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  11. YOUR MOTHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  12. YOUR FATHER’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  13. YOUR PARENTS’ MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE
  14. YOUR BIRTH CERTIFICATE
  15. YOUR MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: That if your marriage certificate is missing important information such as dates and places of birth, you must also acquire a certified copy of the marriage application/license.
  16. YOUR SPOUSE’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
  17. YOUR DIVORCE DECREE/CERTIFICATE (if applicable)
    *Please Note: The divorce decree must also include the “certificate of no appeal”.
  18. BIRTH CERTIFICATES FOR ALL YOUR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN – (if applicable) with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate)
  19. DEATH CERTIFICATES FOR ANYONE LISTED ABOVE with an APOSTILLE(for each certificate)
  20. YOUR APPLICATION AND YOUR DECLARATIONS THAT YOU AND YOUR ASCENDANT NEVER RENOUNCED ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP BEFORE ANY ITALIAN AUTHORITY, LISTING ALL THE PLACES OF RESIDENCE:
    *Please Note: These forms do not need to be notarized.
    • Form 1 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 2 – Application of Italian Citizenship
    • Form 3 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for any living ascendants)
    • Form 4 – Application of Italian Citizenship (for ALL deceased ascendants)
    • AIRE Form – Census for All Italian Citizens Residing Abroad
  21. COPY OF YOUR VALID PASSPORT AND VALID DRIVER’S LICENSE (make sure these are original/full size copies)
  22. YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER’S CERTIFICATE OF ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP FROM ITALY, also known as a “certificato di cittadinanza italiana”
    *Please Note: Not all Italian embassies and consulates require this certificate. If you do not currently have this document it’s best to check with the Italian Consulate of the State where you reside.
  23. IF YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER BECAME A NATURALIZED U.S. CITIZEN BEFORE YOUR MATERNAL GREAT GRANDFATHER’S BIRTH, YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP
    However, there is an exception… If you were born in the United States, you may still be eligible for Italian citizenship

NOTE General Rule: The Two-Step Process

TWO STEP PROCESS

Congress passed the first law regulating naturalization in 1790 (1 Stat. 103). As a general rule, naturalization was a two-step process that took a minimum of 5 years. After residing in the United States for 2 years, an alien could file a “declaration of intent” (so-called “first papers”) to become a citizen. After 3 additional years, the alien could “petition for naturalization.” After the petition was granted, a certificate of citizenship was issued to the alien. These two steps did not have to take place in the same court. As a general rule, the “declaration of intent” generally contains more genealogically useful information than the “petition.” The “declaration” may include the alien’s month and year (or possibly the exact date) of immigration into the United States.

Exceptions to the General Rule
Having stated this “two-step, 5-year” general rule, it is necessary to note several exceptions.

The first major exception was that “derivative” citizenship was granted to wives and minor children of naturalized men. From 1790 to 1922, wives of naturalized men automatically became citizens. This also meant that an alien woman who married a U.S. citizen automatically became a citizen. (Conversely, an American woman who married an alien lost her U.S. citizenship, even if she never left the United States.) From 1790 to 1940, children under the age of 21 automatically became naturalized citizens upon the naturalization of their father. Unfortunately, however, names and biographical information about wives and children are rarely included in declarations or petitions filed before September 1906. For more information about women in naturalization records, see Marian L. Smith, “Women and Naturalization, ca. 1802-1940,” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives, Vol. 30, No. 2 (Summer 1998): 146-153.

The second major exception to the general rule was that, from 1824 to 1906, minor aliens who had lived in the United States 5 years before their 23rd birthday could file both their declarations and petitions at the same time.

The third major exception to the general rule was the special consideration given to veterans. An 1862 law allowed honorably discharged Army veterans of any war to petition for naturalization–without previously having filed a declaration of intent–after only 1 year of residence in the United States. An 1894 law extended the same no-previous-declaration privilege to honorably discharged 5-year veterans of the Navy or Marine Corps. Over 192,000 aliens were naturalized between May 9, 1918, and June 30, 1919, under an act of May 9, 1918, that allowed aliens serving in the U.S. armed forces during “the present war” to file a petition for naturalization without making a declaration of intent or proving 5 years’ residence. Laws enacted in 1919, 1926, 1940, and 1952 continued various preferential treatment provisions for veterans.